At the very heart of Arabic grammar are the ten forms, or “measures”, on which the vast majority of verbs are based. These essential forms work as a master key for unlocking the Arabic language. Below is a brand new poster providing these 10 forms in a clear and easy-to-use grammar table.
Available as a high-quality poster at the official Nigel of Arabia store!
The Arabic Forms Chart poster lists the three main “tenses” in each of the 10 forms, both in the active and passive:
- perfect (used for the past tense)
- imperfect (used for the present tense)
- future (a modified form of the imperfect used for the future tense).
The active and passive participles are also given, as well as the imperative (used for issuing an order or giving directions), along with the verbal nouns for each form.
The verbal noun for Form I verbs varies significantly, with at least a dozen different patterns found among Form I verbs, including:
فِعْل ، فَعْل ، فُعْل ، فَعَل ، فُعُول ، فُعْلَان ، فَعَالَة ، فَعَال ، فِعْلَة …etc.
- Although Form VII is already primarily passive in meaning, some Form VII verbs are able to be conjugated in the passive form. Therefore, the chart provides both the active and passive for Form VII, when other posters may choose to omit the passive entirely.
- Form IX, mainly used to describe colors or defects, does not have a passive form, and therefore n/a is written in the relevant parts of the table.
For more Arabic learning materials and posters, visit the official Nigel of Arabia store at Zazzle.com.
Posted in Arabic, Original Arabic Designs
Tagged 10 forms, Arabic, chart, forms, grammar, infographic, measures, poster, table, ten forms, verbs, Zazzle
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It turns out there are at least 28 kinds of Form 1 verbs in Arabic, and what better way to visualize them than a colorful Venn diagram!
For SALE as a poster at my official store: www.Zazzle.com/NigelofArabia
A little background information… Arabic verbs fall under two main categories, which also have their own subcategories:
- Sound الفعل الصحيح (the verb does not have a و or ي as one of the root letters)
- Doubled الفعل المضعف (the verb’s second and third root letters are the same)
- Hamzated الفعل المهموز (one of verb’s root letters is a ء “hamza“)
- Weak الفعل المعتل (the verb has a و or ي as one of the root letters)
- Assimilated الفعل المثال (the verb begins with و or ي)
- Hollow الفعل الأجوف (the verb’s second root letter is either a و or ي and in the perfect it is replaced by an ا “alif”)
- Defective الفعل الناقص (the verb’s final root letter is either و or ي)
So what does this mean exactly? Well, this means that each type of Form 1 verb will have slight variations in how they are conjugated, both in the perfect and imperfect. So it’s important to be aware of these differences so that you vowel verbs correctly, and also omit, change, or double certain letters where applicable.
This can make things rather complicated, but fortunately there are resources available that lay out all of these conjugations in full, including the book “501 Arabic Verbs”, available on Amazon.
501 Arabic Verbs: Fully Conjugated in All Forms (paid link) by Raymond Scheindlin (Barron’s Educational Series, 2007)
For more recommendations on useful books for Arabic learners, see my other post:
You won’t find anything clearer or more easy to use than this guide to numbers in Arabic, which successfully breaks down one of the most complex parts of Arabic grammar, making it as easy as 1, 2, 3…!
I created this poster with the learner in mind and have designed it to be as user-friendly as possible. Suited to all levels of Arabic, it covers all cardinal numbers, along with Arabic numerals, example nouns and essentials of grammar, such as which case the noun should be in. To help with pronunciation, the Arabic has been fully vowelled and English transliteration has been provided for each number.
Never again be frustrated by the grammar of Arabic numbers…
Available as a high-quality 24″ x 24″ poster at: Nigel of Arabia’s Store
Ideal for both reference at home or on the classroom wall. For this and other original Arabic designs for sale, visit: www.Zazzle.com/NigelofArabia
Encouraged by the success of my last Arabic verb map (which has made it to 1st place in Google search results and has been viewed in over 80 countries), I decided to build on the valuable feedback you gave me and take the time to perfect an even bigger, more comprehensive and accessible infographic for you. So, I am proud to present to you the new Arabic Verb Map… 2.0!
This time I chose the more frequently used verb “to write” and rearranged the design, packing in lots of new content, including:
- Transliteration of the Arabic – allowing even beginners to read the Arabic script. Colour-coded to highlight the conjugation around the root.
- English translation – providing the meanings of the words, including the different “Forms” derived from the root.
- Negation of verbs – a handy guide on how to make verbs negative.
- Nouns – providing the most relevant examples of nouns derived from the verb and their meanings.
- The future tense – something that was not included in the last map.
- A key – a quick guide to the colour-coding used.
I have made an effort to make this map relevant and accessible to both advanced learners of Arabic and beginners. If you have any questions about the map or about Arabic language in general, just send me a message and I will respond as soon as I can – I look forward to helping you out!
Please note that this image of my verb map is only a preview of the high-quality map for sale as a poster (see below for details).
NOW AVAILABLE AS A HIGH-QUALITY POSTER!
…Whether for home, or posted on the classroom wall, this unique Arabic verb map poster will prove to be an invaluable resource, worthy of the incredible effort and time that has gone into its research and creation.
Click here to view the poster on sale in my official Zazzle store.