At the very heart of Arabic grammar are the ten forms, or “measures”, on which the vast majority of verbs are based. These essential forms work as a master key for unlocking the Arabic language. Below is a brand new poster providing these 10 forms in a clear and easy-to-use grammar table.
Available as a high-quality poster at the official Nigel of Arabia store!
The Arabic Forms Chart poster lists the three main “tenses” in each of the 10 forms, both in the active and passive:
- perfect (used for the past tense)
- imperfect (used for the present tense)
- future (a modified form of the imperfect used for the future tense).
The active and passive participles are also given, as well as the imperative (used for issuing an order or giving directions), along with the verbal nouns for each form.
The verbal noun for Form I verbs varies significantly, with at least a dozen different patterns found among Form I verbs, including:
فِعْل ، فَعْل ، فُعْل ، فَعَل ، فُعُول ، فُعْلَان ، فَعَالَة ، فَعَال ، فِعْلَة …etc.
- Although Form VII is already primarily passive in meaning, some Form VII verbs are able to be conjugated in the passive form. Therefore, the chart provides both the active and passive for Form VII, when other posters may choose to omit the passive entirely.
- Form IX, mainly used to describe colors or defects, does not have a passive form, and therefore n/a is written in the relevant parts of the table.
For more Arabic learning materials and posters, visit the official Nigel of Arabia store at Zazzle.com.